Case studies in research methodology. Types of Case Study All About Case Studies 2019-01-05

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Qualitative Research: Definition, Types, Methods and Examples

case studies in research methodology

However, these methods do not enable researchers to determine causes of behavior. One of the advantages of this method provides a great opportunity to gather precise data about what people believe and what their motivations are. Yin suggests two or three literal replications i. This is similar to going to a library. A positive correlation + means that as one variable increases, the other does too.

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The case study approach

case studies in research methodology

Data Gathering: Are data-gathering activities outlined? Types of questions asked Data collection Instrument Use semi-structured methods such as in-depth interviews, focus groups, and participant observation Use highly structured methods such as structured observation using Form of data produced Descriptive data Numerical data Degree of flexibility Participant responses affect how and which questions researchers ask next Participant responses do not influence or determine how and which questions researchers ask next Learn More:. In contrast, the instrumental case study uses a particular case some of which may be better than others to gain a broader appreciation of an issue or phenomenon. In exploratory case studies, fieldwork and data collection may be undertaken prior to definition of the research questions and hypothesis. It is usual for multiple sources of evidence to be used Yin, 2009. Outcomes from individual case studies are not statistically generalisable but analytically generalisable Welsh and Lyons 2001. It is simply exploratory in nature.

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Types of Case Study All About Case Studies

case studies in research methodology

Case study researchers typically interpret their data either holistically or through coding procedures. Three Approaches to Descriptive Research. The main aim of the focus group is to find answers to the why what and how questions. The use of visual methods in social science research has become popular, and creative techniques are widely recognised as having the potential to evoke more nuanced understanding of the ways in which other people experience their worlds. That specificity leads to case study research.

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Types of Case Study All About Case Studies

case studies in research methodology

In a collective case study, researchers may choose to present the findings from individual cases separately before amalgamating across cases. A holistic approach reviews all of the data as a whole and attempts to draw conclusions based on the data in its entirety. In collective or multiple case studies, a number of cases are carefully selected. This ad hoc type of case research can illuminate many aspects of. What are case studies used for? This is an appropriate approach when the question being studied is more general in nature and the data provides an overview. Such notes are usually informal but should be secured in a similar manner as the video recordings or the audio tapes.

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Types of Case Study All About Case Studies

case studies in research methodology

When the in-depth interview is conducted face to face it gives a better opportunity to read the body language of the respondents and match the responses. Case Study Method This module describes the case study method of descriptive research and its uses. By their extended nature, they are rarely possible for students. Grounded Theory offers many benefits to research in Information Systems as it is suitable. Confidentiality: Is there sensitivity to the protection of people? When investigating the formal and informal ways undergraduate students learn about patient safety Table , for example, we rapidly accumulated a large quantity of data. Researchers may choose to use one of these methods to collect data single method approach or they may use several methods multi-modal approach.

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The case study approach

case studies in research methodology

Grounded Theory is presented here as a method of choice as it is detailed, rigorous, and systematic, yet it also permits flexibility and freedom. The single case could be considered acceptable, provided it meets established objectives for the study. Analysing, interpreting and reporting case studies Making sense and offering a coherent interpretation of the typically disparate sources of data whether qualitative alone or together with quantitative is far from straightforward. Five Misunderstandings About Case-Study Research. These are real-time data and rarely bring the participants out of the geographic locations to collect information. A systematic observation concludes that the number of men visiting this store are more.

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SparkNotes: Research Methods in Psychology: Research Methods

case studies in research methodology

Seeking potential, alternative explanations, and being explicit about how interpretations and conclusions were reached, help readers to judge the trustworthiness of the case study report. A correlation coefficient is always a number between —1 and +1. These are very common in student research project. Or whether the wish is to obtain a more naturalistic understanding of an issue? Communication Clarity: Does the proposal read well? Research Methods Psychologists use many different methods for conducting research. Considering the frequency with which implementations of innovations are now taking place in healthcare settings and how well the case study approach lends itself to in-depth, complex health service research, we believe this approach should be more widely considered by researchers. Two factors may be related without one causing the other to occur.

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SparkNotes: Research Methods in Psychology: Research Methods

case studies in research methodology

This type of research method can last from a few days to a few years, as it involves in-depth observation and collecting data on those grounds. What are the potential pitfalls and how can these be avoided? Acknowledgements We are grateful to the participants and colleagues who contributed to the individual case studies that we have drawn on. Instead, a third factor explains the correlation: both balding and long marriages are associated with old age. Example: A psychologist uses the survey method to study the relationship between balding and length of marriage. Pursuing this same example, when does the process of implementation and adoption of an electronic health record system really begin or end? A case study can be defined in a variety of ways Table , the central tenet being the need to explore an event or phenomenon in depth and in its natural context. An intrinsic case study is typically undertaken to learn about a unique phenomenon. Case study research refers to an in-depth, detailed study of an individual or a small group of individuals.

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Case study methodology

case studies in research methodology

This multi-designs approach is indent to provide a more holistic view of the dynamics of the research subject. Data will need to be organised and coded to allow the key issues, both derived from the literature and emerging from the dataset, to be easily retrieved at a later stage. These interviews can be performed face-to-face or on phone and usually can last between half an hour to two hours or even more. It does not take into account the role of the researcher in influencing findings. Collecting the data In order to develop a thorough understanding of the case, the case study approach usually involves the collection of multiple sources of evidence, using a range of quantitative e. Case study research is not used to determine cause and effect, nor is it used to discover generalizable truths or make predictions.

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