Government of india act 1935 notes. Government of India Act 1935 2019-02-22

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Government India Act of 1935

government of india act 1935 notes

The first elections under the Act were also held in 1937. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The first secretary of state for India and Burma was Lord Dundas. This act ended the system of dyarchy introduced by the Government of India Act, 1919 and provided for establishment of a Federation of India to be made up of provinces of British India and some or all of the Princely states. In certain cases the appeals could be made to the Privy Council in England.

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Government Of India Act 1935 Modern History NCERT Notes For UPSC Exam

government of india act 1935 notes

The provincial autonomy means two things. No Indian legislature whether federal or provincial was authorized to modify or amend the constitution. There were some subjects on which neitherthe Federal legislature or provincial legislature couldlegislate. The Government of India Act 1919 was an act of the British Parliament that sought to increase the participation of Indians in the administration of their country. First, the Provincial Governments were wholly, responsible to the provincial legislatures and secondly, provinces, were free from outside control and interference in a large number of matters. The resignation of Congress Ministries impaired the War effort of the Government of India and in return the Government demonstrated to the World that the Congress, the largest representative political organisation of India was not co-operating the British Government in the prosecution of the War.

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1935 act

government of india act 1935 notes

This authority was kept free from the control of ministers and councilors. They were not responsible to legislative. Then, the Federal Court Enlargement of Jurisdiction Act, 1948 was passed. The members of these Houses varied from Province to Province. They have by their words, deeds and programme shown more and more that the Musalmans, cannot expect any justice or fair-play at their hands. Residuary legislative powers were vested in the Governor-General in the matter of the enlistment of subjects either in the Federal Legislative list or the Provincial Legislative list or the concurrent Legislative list. Indeed, the extension of the communal electorate in 1919, and its further expansion in J.

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Principal features of Government of India Act 1919 for UPSC, History notes for IAS

government of india act 1935 notes

The duration of the Legislative Assembly was 5 years unless dissolved earlier. Oddly, that restriction, which had been repealed in the Statute of Westminster in 1931, was here being reasserted in the Indian case. Article shared by The British Crown assumed sovereignty over India from the East India Company, which was to be exercised by the Secretary of State for India, assisted by the Council of India 15 members, exclusively English in composition which was primarily an advisory body. No distinction was made between community and community, high caste and low caste in the Congress administration. Three fold divisions of legislative powers were made. The Governor General acted in three different ways or capacities. They were not responsible to legislative.


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Notes on The Government of India Act, 1935

government of india act 1935 notes

What happened to Dominion status? The subjects included were education, local government, health, excise, industry, public works, religious endowments, etc. But in the election held in 1937 the Congress swept the polls so far as general or predominantly Hindu seats were concerned. Linlithgow asked Sapru whether he thought there was a satisfactory alternative to the scheme of the 1935 Act. Safeguards and Reservations A controversial feature of the Government of India Act, 1935 was the safeguards and reservations provided in the Act, would serve as checks and limitations on such undesirable tendencies which might lead to the failure of the responsible government in India. A Federal Court was established and it was given exclusive original jurisdiction in disputes between the Federation the Provinces and the states joining the Federation.


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Government of India act (1858)

government of india act 1935 notes

Some of the general seats were reserved for Scheduled Castes. After the age of 65 the judges of the Federal court had to vacant the seat however the any judge of the court could leave his seat before the age of 65. Representatives of Princely states The distribution of the seats among states was on their relative importance and not population. A Federal government would be established in India with the inclusion of the native States. Thus, in the provincial sphere, the Act of 1935 made a fundamental departure from the act of 1919. The Government of India Act 1935 derived material from four key sources viz.


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Government India Act of 1935

government of india act 1935 notes

Everything is done in the name of the King but does the King ever interfere? It was also a way to keep the people divided. The Act provided for withdrawal of Dyarchy from the Provinces and Provincial Autonomy was introduced, thus providing for responsible government in all of the 11 provinces including Sindh and Orissa newly created by this Act itself. Due to this, Central Government in India continued to be governed by the provision of the Act of 1919 Minto-Morley reforms. Holding India to the Empire: The British Conservative Party and the 1935 Constitution. Nehru however made it clear that he was not keen on Congress forming ministries but to carry the message of the Congress to the Millions of voters and to the scores of millions of the disfranchised, to acquaint them with our future programme and policy. A major contributing factor was the continuing distrust of British intentions for which there was considerable basis in fact. His control, however, remained intact over the powers of Governor General and Governors.

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Government of India act (1858)

government of india act 1935 notes

The representatives of the princely states would be nominated by rulers. The British government then tried another approach: a Conference was convened in London. In rapid succession, the Motilal Nehru Report 1928 proposed essentially dominion status for India within the , followed by a Congress resolution calling for purna swaraj complete independence in 1929. Normally he was to act on the advice of his ministers. Nonetheless, in 1947 the Government of India Act of 1935 was accepted by both India and Pakistan, with few amendments, as their provisional constitutions. The Federal Court was given exclusive original jurisdiction to decide disputes between the Centre and constituent Units.

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Government of India Act of 1935

government of india act 1935 notes

All theprovinces were to join the Indian Federationautomatically. The act divided the powers between the Centre and provinces in terms of three list-Federal List for Centre, with 59 items , Provincial List for Provinces, with 54 items , and Concurrent list for both, with 36 items. So, it was divided into two separate acts namely, the Government of India Act 1935 and the Government of Burma Act 1935. Consequently a Burma Round Table Conference was held in London in 1932. In 1935, Burma Act was passed and separation of Burma actually took place in 1937.


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Government of India Act 1935

government of india act 1935 notes

Further, the seats which were reserved for Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs had to be filled via direct election while those reserved for Europeans, Anglo-Indians, Indian Christians and Depressed Classes were to be filled by Indirect election. It was the last of which split Burma from it. Both the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress expressed their dissatisfaction over the Act. Election to the Federal assembly was to be indirect. The India Act of 1935 was sugarcoated quinine as was apparent from the very beginning.

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