Idiographic approach psychology. Idiographic Approaches 2019-01-27

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Idiographic

idiographic approach psychology

Hence, Skinner suggests that behaviour is modified through positive and negative reinforcements or punishments. And maybe we would find that people raised by strict parents are no more fearful of disapproval than are people raised by very permissive parents. Haynes, in , 1998 4. Essentially, these psychologists look at traits like extroversion or conscientiousness and say, 'This person is extroverted and organized,' or 'That person is introverted and disorganized. Nomothetic research is about attempting to establish general laws and generalisations. People and their everyday interactions and experiences make up the micro.


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Idiographic versus nomothetic approaches to psychology Essay

idiographic approach psychology

Due to the extensive us of laboratory studies, the experiments often lack ecological validity, which means we cannot generalise the results to everyday life. The subsequent laws that are created can be categorised into three kinds: classifying people into groups, establishing principles and establishing dimensions. Idiographic and nomothetic methods represent two different approaches to understanding social life. Although the writer has covered the different types of therapies there is no clear connection between what is written and the essay title. What is needed is a way of investigating them idiographically. A key debate, is the one between the two research methods: nomothetic and idiographic. The idiographic approach is better suited to description, while idiographic is suited to predictions.

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Nomothetic and Idiographic Approaches

idiographic approach psychology

I appreciate you sharing your insight and knowledge on the subject. Factor-analytic studies originating from Goldberg's lexical tradition and factor analyses of personality questionnaires consistently converged to yield five factors Costa and McCrae, 1992; Goldberg, 1990 , and the lexical and questionnaire traditions were merged to produce a five-factor structure. Idiographic and nomothetic approaches to psychological investigation. One would typically use qualitative methods like , , interviews, and focus groups to conduct idiographic research. Som … e psychologists do basic research, developing theories and testing them through carefully honed research methods involving observation, experimentation and analysis. To do this, experiments and observations are used, and group averages are statistically analysed to create predictions about people in general.

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Researching Personality Traits: Nomothetic and Idiographic Analysis

idiographic approach psychology

So, if we had been hoping to learn more about those particular aspects of personality, we would need to keep looking for other individuals to study. Sunny is happy-go-lucky but introverted, whereas Diana is extroverted but more of a worrywart than Sunny. However case studies of patients with brain damage suggest that the multi-store model is over-simplified. The humanists are interested in the individual. Accommodative and Meaning-Focused Coping Rather than attempt to control a stressor directly, a person may try to accept changes in life circumstances, to restructure their personal goals, and to find meaning in otherwise adverse events.

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What is Idiographic in psychology

idiographic approach psychology

She's shy and doesn't like to be in a crowd, but for the people who are close to her, she's a ray of sunshine. Questions 10 and 11 consider the social and political environment in which testing occurs Kingston et al. This article includes a , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient. In psychology, there are two basic approaches to personality. Skinner believed that all behaviour is learnt from environmental consequences or operant conditioning. Conscientiousness describes the extent that an individual possesses socially prescribed impulse control such as delaying gratification, following norms and rules, organization, and persistence. As a consequence, further models of memory have been proposed and tested.

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Researching Personality Traits: Nomothetic and Idiographic Analysis

idiographic approach psychology

They come on guard when they realize a psychologist is at hand, thinking that their … deepest secrets and desires will be uncovered. Teaching your patient to learn serenity is also a good thing. Michaela Strasikova Student number: 05048325 Number of words: 1021 The concept of personality is needed in psychology. She'd rather be with just a few people than in a large crowd, and when she first meets someone, she's really quiet and withdrawn. Influencing or intended to influence the mind or emotions: psychological warfare.

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Idiographic Approaches

idiographic approach psychology

Idiographic Personality Psychology The idiographic approach to personality suggests that we each possess a unique psychological structure. Another method such as self report and questionnaires are directed towards the general population. Freud thought Childhood influences in the first few years of our lives, were crucial to our future development. The subjects are then observed and the information gathered is compared to the pre-existing theory. This development emerged from a growing dissatisfaction with the narrowness of the behaviourist approach as it neglects complex human activities such as planning and communication. On the other hand, the idiographic approach also has some weaknesses. Idiographic research focuses on the uniqueness of the individual rather than developing theories of behavior than can be generalized to the population.

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Idiographic vs Nomothetic

idiographic approach psychology

Descriptive: Involves starting with a descriptive theory. Therefore, an individual case study can highlight flaws within a theory and significantly undermine other research. Serenity is the ability to remain calm no matter what happens. The nomothetic approach adopts a reductionist viewpoint, placing great value on objectivity and replication. But, do we really know for sure that people who are very responsible also tend to be very fearful of the disapproval of others? That is, psychologists advocating idiographic approach believe that the individual is not just a collection of separate traits, but is well integrated organism. This is the defini … tion according to www.


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Nomothetic Idiographic Debate in Psychology

idiographic approach psychology

Mischel 1968 argued that Allport and most other personality psychologists overplayed the generality idea, expecting their constructs to predict general trends in behavior across many different situations. The nomothetic approach seeks to find common patterns in people's personalities and measures personality via psychometrics. Also despite claims, that this approach is unscientific, it does satisfy some of the key aims of a science i. But perhaps an even more serious shortcoming of the idiographic approach is that it does not easily allow us to figure out any general laws about personality. Another limitation of this approach is that predictions can be made about groups, but not the individual.

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Idiographic vs Nomothetic

idiographic approach psychology

In this instance, it is possible for me to discuss Behaviourism and Psychodynamic approaches. Also the case studies of his children, were not experiments. But both of their personalities can be described based on the personality trait of extroversion or introversion. Psychologists who adopt this approach are mainly concerned with studying what we share with others. A nomothetic approach used in personality psychometrics like the Big Five personality traits uses personality characteristics and generalizes them from the individual to the population as a whole.

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