Indian press act 1910. Indian Freedom Struggle Timeline 2019-02-25

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Press Act, India. (Hansard, 24 February 1910)

indian press act 1910

The British Government enacted a number of legislations to control the press, like the Indian Press Act, 1910, then in 1931-32 the Indian Press Emergency Act - Mayukh Gupta - Published : June 16, 2010. While such freedom mostly implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state, its preservation may be sought through constitutional or other protection. Provided that the Chairman may waive this requirement in his discretion. Early Regulations : Censorship of Press Act, 1799: Lord Wellesley enacted this, anticipating French invasion of India. The complainant shall, along with the complaint, enclose a copy of the letter written by him to the newspaper, news agency, editor or other working journalist together with a copy of the reply, if any received by him, provided that the Chairman may in his discretion waive this condition; d In case where the complaint is that an editor or a working journalist has committed any professional misconduct, other than the way of the publication or non-publication of any matter in a newspaper, the complainant shall set out clearly in detail the facts which according to him justify the complaint and the provisions of clause c above shall also apply to such complaints.

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Indian Freedom Struggle Timeline

indian press act 1910

For this one should identify one's limits over others rights like privacy, which is mainly dealt in such kind of operations - Shishir Shrivastava - December 28, 2010 Television channels have started a series of investigative attempts with hidden cameras and other espionage devices. Power to make Rules 25 1 The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act. For instance, in the 1870s, it panned its focus onto the regional vernacular publications that were individually inspiring the masses to partake in the fight against the British empire, by informing them about the dire situation of the Indian people. It should not mislead the consumer. There was also section 565 of the Indian Penal Code.

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CQ Press

indian press act 1910

In 1883, Surendranath Banerjea became the first Indian journalist to be imprisoned. The newspapers editors and the printers were given the option to appeal to the High Court within fifteen days of the order of the penalty of the Press. It controlled and filtered international news that was coming in, and consciously, simultaneously manufactured news rooted in propaganda. Other Acts passed include Delivering of Books and Newspapers Public Libraries Act, 1954; Working Journalists Conditions of Services and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955; Newspaper Price and Page Act, 1956; and Parliamentary Proceedings Protection of Publications Act, 1960. After the , the Indian Penal Code was inherited by its successor states, the and the , where it continues independently as the.


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Media Laws

indian press act 1910

After 1858, the European press always rallied behind the Government in political controversies while the vernacular press was critical of the Government. Balgangadhar Tilak is most frequently associated with the nationalist fight for the freedom of press. Any Indian publisher may be called upon by the district magistrate to enter into a bond undertaking that the published articles would not cause any disaffection to the government. In the inquiry before the Committee the parties shall be entitled to adduce relevant evidence, oral or documentary, and make submissions in support of their contentions. In 1898, the Government amended Section 124A and added another Section 153A which made it a criminal offence for anyone to bring into contempt the Government of India or to create hatred among different classes, that is, vis-a-vis the English in India. It pushed the government to design far more stringent measures. The author can be reached at: mayukhgupta legalserviceindia.

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Press Act, India. (Hansard, 24 February 1910)

indian press act 1910

Mishra 2006-09-01 , , Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, 2006, ,. The Act empowers local Governments to require owners of printing presses to deposit security in certain cases, and to declare that security forfeit in the event of an offence being committed under the Act. Almost everything that was said against the State was censored for fear of revolutions. At one time, publication of all news related to Congress activity was declared illegal. The Bill defines such matter as that calculated- a to incite to murder, to anarchical outrage by means of explosives, or to acts of violence; b to tamper with the loyalty of the Army or Navy; c to excite racial class or religious animosities, or hatred or contempt of the Government of British India or of any Native State or Prince; d to incite to criminal intimidation; e to incite to interference with the administration of the law or with the maintenance of law and order; f to intimidate public servants by threat of injury to them or to those in whom they are interested. Power to take suo motu action: The Chairman may suo motu issue notice or, as the case may be, take action in respect of any matter which falls within the mischief of Section 14 1 of the Act or in respect of or relating to any matter falling under Section 13 2 thereof and thereupon the procedure prescribed by these regulations from regulation 5 onwards shall be followed as if it were a complaint under regulation 3. However, inspite of all these restrictions, the Indian Press emerged successfully in playing the role of an effective weapon in the nationalist struggle.

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History and Development of Indian Press and Press Acts

indian press act 1910

It imposed the Defence of India Regulations on the Press, prohibiting it from announcing to the masses that the press had been banned from writing on the Bengal famine or the sorry state of affairs in India. Tilak as the leader of militant nationalists was tried on charges of sedition and transported to Mandalay Burma for six years. Source: Wikimedia Commons In the 1880s, the Nationalist movement gathered momentum and that gave a stronger push to the Indian Press. The media played a significant role in this case as well. Clauses 3 1 and 8 1. Provided that nothing in this clause shall preclude the Central Government from dealing with any case of assistance received by a newspaper or news agency in India from any foreign source in any other manner it thinks fit; g to undertake studies of foreign newspapers, including those brought out by any embassy or other representative in India of a foreign State, their circulation and impact.

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Press Council Act 1978

indian press act 1910

The Chief Customs-officer or other officer authorized by the Local Government in this behalf may detain any package brought, whether by land or sea, into British India which he suspects to contain any newspapers, books or other documents of the nature described in Section 4-, sub-section 1 , and shall forthwith forward copies of any newspapers, books or other documents found therein to such officer as the Local Government may appoint in this behalf to be disposed of in such manner as the Local Government may direct. He was among the first to advocate bringing the lower middle classes, the peasants, artisans and workers into the Congress fold. Vacancies among members of defect in the constitution not to invalidate acts and proceedings of the Council 10. Freedom of speech can be restricted only on the grounds mentioned in clause 2 of Article 19. In each case the Local Government is the authority authorized to declare forfeiture, but a check is imposed upon the exercise of this power in that the Bill provides for an application, within two months of the date of such declaration to a special bench of three Judges of the High Court, on the question of fact whether the matter directed to is or is not of the description defined in the Bill. Despite of these difficulties the press has achieved a lot of success in the recent past. For instance, writings hostile to the Government used to be prefaced with sentiments of loyalty to the Government or critical writings of socialists or Irish nationalists from newspapers in England used to be quoted.

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Media Laws

indian press act 1910

Toward the 6th century the assimilation of Chinese civilization became more and more rapid, particularly as a result of the spread of Confucianism. In 1921, on the recommendations of a Press Committee chaired by Tej Bahadur Sapru, the Press Acts of 1908 and 1910 were repealed. This was a difficult task which required an intelligent mix of simplicity with subtlety. This led to some controversy, with some sections of the Jain community urging the Prime Minister to move the against the order. If after such further security has been deposited the printing-press is again used for the purpose of printing or publishing any newspaper, book or other document containing any words, signs, or visible representations which in the opinion of the Local Government are of the nature prescribed in Section 4-, sub-section 1 , the Local Government may, by notice in writing to the keeper of such printing-press, stating or describing such words, signs or visible representations, declare- Where any printing -press is or any copies of any newspaper, book or other document are declared forfeited to his Majesty under this Act, the Local Government may direct any Magistrate to issue a warrant empowering any police-officer, not below the rank of a Sub-Inspector, to seize and detain any property ordered to be forfeited and to enter upon and search for such property in any premises- 1 Every publisher of a newspaper who is required to make a declaration under Section 5 of the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867, shall, at the time of making the same, deposit with the Magistrate before whom the declaration is made security to such an account, not being less than five hundred or more than two thousand rupees, as the Magistrate may in each case think fit to require, in money or the equivalent thereof in securities of the Government of India : Provided that if the person registered under the said Act as printer of the newspaper is also registered as the keeper of the press where the newspaper is printed, the publisher shall not be required to deposit security so long as such registration is in force : Provided further that the Magistrate may, if he thinks fit, for special reasons to be recorded by him, dispense with the deposit of any security or may from time to time cancel or vary any order under this sub-section.

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