Report on french revolution. French Revolution 2019-01-31

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Maximilien Robespierre

report on french revolution

After several hours of combat, the prison fell that afternoon. They sternly reminded women to stay home and tend to their families by leaving public affairs to the men. The government imposed price controls and persecuted speculators and traders in the black market. When the king was assassinated in 1792 his brother became regent, but real power was with , who bitterly opposed the French Revolution and all its supporters. The modern era has unfolded in the shadow of the French Revolution. The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory The era following the ousting of Robespierre was known as the Thermidorian Reaction, and a period of governmental restructuring began, leading to the new Constitution of 1795 and a significantly more conservative National Convention.

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What Are the Effects of the French Revolution?

report on french revolution

Baur honors Haiti as home of the most influential Revolution in history. In August—September 1793, militants urged the Convention to do more to quell the counter-revolution. Napoleon's was centered on Milan. In October, however, there was a counterattack accusing the instigators, especially Marat, of being terrorists. While some of his colleagues were away on missions and others were preoccupied with special assignments, he strove to prevent division among the revolutionaries by relying on the Jacobin societies and the vigilance committees. Economy When war went badly, prices rose and the — poor labourers and radical Jacobins — rioted; counter-revolutionary activities began in some regions. Kanick Global 10 18 October 2012 Causes of the French Revolution The French Revolution was a key event in the history of France.

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Newspaper account of the outbreak of the French Revolution

report on french revolution

By the 21st century, angry debates exploded over the presence of any Muslim religious symbols in schools, such as the headscarves for which Muslim girls could be expelled. The National Assembly began to enact social and economic reform. Before the beginning of the Revolution, only moderate reforms were wanted by the people. Media and symbolism A copy of L'Ami du peuple stained with the blood of Marat In the Old regime there were a small number of heavily censored newspapers that needed a royal licence to operate. In economics, therefore, the nobility declined while the middle class Belgian entrepreneurs flourished because of their inclusion in a large market, paving the way for Belgium's leadership role after 1815 in the on the Continent.

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A Paris newspaper on the storming of the Bastille (1789)

report on french revolution

The Reign of Terror took place between September 5, 1793, and July 27, 1794. The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution. Its members in the Convention were known as the Mountain, from the high seats they occupied in the Legislative Assembly hall. A rift slowly grew between the radical and moderate assembly members, while the common laborers and workers began to feel overlooked. Despite succeeding in gaining independence for the Thirteen Colonies, France was severely indebted by the.

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Maximilien Robespierre

report on french revolution

After President Washington denounced the societies as unrepublican, they faded away. Reign of Terror The darkest period of the French Revolution is called the Reign of Terror which lasted from 1793 to 1794. They were appealing to the princes of Europe to stop the Revolution in France and threatening a reign of bloodshed when they returned. Barère, member of the , suggested: to end this division which is harming the Republic, the Girondin leaders should lay down their offices voluntarily. Speech given at the Constitutional Assembly. In response to this measure, women in many areas began circulating anti-oath pamphlets and refused to attend masses held by priests who had sworn oaths of loyalty to the Republic.

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SparkNotes: The French Revolution (1789

report on french revolution

But Robespierre, growing increasingly paranoid about counterrevolutionary influences, embarked upon a Reign of Terror in late 1793—1794, during which he had more than 15,000 people executed at the guillotine. Devance explains the decision in terms of the emphasis on masculinity in a wartime situation, Marie Antoinette's bad reputation for feminine interference in state affairs, and traditional male supremacy. In April he had presided over the , a political club promoting the ideas of the French Revolution. Between 1789 and 1802, France was wracked by a revolution which radically changed the government, administration, military, and culture of the nation as well as plunging Europe into a series of wars. A Convention's in commissioned in October to pacify the region did so by simply : until February 1794 he drowned at least 4,000. Constitutional monarchy National Constituent Assembly July 1789 — September 1791 Main article: By this time, Necker had earned the enmity of many members of the French court for his overt manipulation of public opinion.

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French Revolution for Kids

report on french revolution

When the was later created in June 1789 by the Third Estate, the clergy voted to join them, which perpetuated the destruction of the Estates General as a governing body. To get rid of this condition. What does it want to be? Even in France, there was a varying degree of agreement during this debate, English participants generally opposing the violent means that the Revolution bent itself to for its ends. Under , Sweden joined various coalitions against Napoleon, but was badly defeated and lost much of its territory, especially Finland and Pomerania. German intellectuals celebrated the outbreak, hoping to see the triumph of Reason and The Enlightenment. New rulers were sent in by Paris. On this page you will find a selection of links to key documents, translated into in English.

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French Revolution

report on french revolution

The French Revolution that took place from 1789 to 1799 was a crucial period in the history of French, European and Western Civilizations. They tend to become far more autocratic and ruthless than their predecessors and, rejecting socialist abnegation for themselves, ultimately become the next aristocracy. From his partial retirement Robespierre followed the unleashing of the Great Terror in the summer of 1794 and the progress of opposition. This and other such incidents spurred a mass desertion as more and more officers defected to other countries, leaving a dearth of experienced leadership within the army. The Reign of Terror ultimately weakened the revolutionary government, while temporarily ending internal opposition. Each year, one-third of the chambers was to be renewed.

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Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes

report on french revolution

These activists who promoted democracy and were aggainst oppressive governments could identify with the slogan. The Enlightenment ideals and the initiation of the French Revolution were enough to inspire the Haitian Revolution, which evolved into the most successful and comprehensive slave rebellion. Some provinces were exempt from certain assessments, such as the gabelle, or salt tax. This hushed the Convention deputies: if henceforth they disagreed with Robespierre they hardly dared to speak out. Messages of support for the Assembly poured in from Paris and other French cities.

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Maximilien Robespierre

report on french revolution

As historian Albert Mathiez mentions it in Document 4, leadership began to fall to the middle class who was begging to gain knowledge of the ideas of the Enlightenment. By far the most important issue to counter-revolutionary women was the passage and the enforcement of the in 1790. If we do so, we find that revolutions do not come as pronouncements, followed by troops in different-coloured coats marching off to battle to determine the winner. This decree stiffened the resistance against the state's interference with the church, especially in the west of France like in , and the , where only few priests took the oath and the civilian population turned against the revolution. The economy continued in bad condition, with the poor especially hurt by the high cost of food. By 1795, after the bad harvest of 1794 and the removal of price controls, inflation had reached a level of 3500%. They also demanded an end to royal efforts to block the National Assembly, and for the King and his administration to move to Paris as a sign of good faith in addressing the widespread poverty.

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