# What is the relationship between marginal cost and total cost. Explain the Relationship Between the Marginal Product of Labor & Marginal Cost 2019-01-04

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## Difference Between Average Cost and Marginal Cost If the average variable cost rises then the average total cost may go up, but only when the average variable cost is greater than the. Average cost and marginal cost are inter-related because when the marginal cost goes up, or down, the average cost will fluctuate as well. The marginal cost can only decrease when the marginal product of labor is falling if the company is spending less per item on additional materials than the extra amount that it is paying to its workers, which can happen if it gets a bulk purchase discount on materials. Once your infrastructure is in place then all you do is sell service — and we had lots of capacity to accommodate that service. This is when the two curves cross over each other, and is linked to the law of diminishing marginal returns. Total is the amount of total sales of goods and services.

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## What is the relationship between the marginal cost curve and the average variable cost curve? The marginal cost and average cost could be equal for simple items such as friendship bracelets where the only cost is thread and crafting time. If you're only making two cakes a day, for example, you still need to use an entire oven and pay an employee to help, even if both are underutilized. Marginal cost is the cost of producing one additional unit of output. As a result, the average cost is falling. Average cost and marginal cost are both related to each other.

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## The Relation between the Average and Marginal Cost Curve Total costs are the sum of explicit costs and implicit costs. For example, if a company is producing cakes, variable costs include the flour, eggs, sugar and baking power required to make each cake. The fact that marginal cost for a natural monopoly doesn't increase in quantity implies that average cost will be greater than marginal cost at all production quantities. These two concepts are used for better decision-making by efficiently allocating scarce resources and to identify and practice optimum production levels. A simple arithmetical illustration will bring out Cleary the average — marginal relationship. Implicit cost or opportunity costs express the cost of giving up something tangible for the prospect of return at a later date. So they sell it cheaper, and for high profit margins.

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## Ch 14 Competitive Markets Flashcards These are the relationships between these two entities. The marginal cost may change with volume, and so at each level of production, the marginal cost is the cost of the next unit produced. A fall in average fixed costs leads to a fall in marginal costs. The costs will ultimately be high when compared to the marginal cost of production, but they will factor into the average total cost per unit along with marginal cost. The integral of the Marginal cost is the Variable … Cost. Their only expense is the unit cost of the generic drug.

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## Explain the relationship between average variable cost, average total cost, average fixed cost and marginal cost with diagram. The second doughnut might also increase utility, but by a smaller amount than the first. If the marginal cost first falls and then rises, it will be equal to the average variable cost at a point where the average variable cost is minimum. Once the research has been conducted, the drug has been developed, and the manufacturing equipment and factories have been created, it will not cost much at all to produce one pill. Likewise, when average cost is rising, we cannot deduce that marginal cost will be rising too. When production is 3 units, Marginal cost is less than the average cost. It is equal to the total cost of the goods sold divided by the number of items sold. We, therefore, conclude that if the marginal is rising, the average goes up, and if the marginal is falling, the average goes down.

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## What is the Relationship Between Marginal Cost and Total Cost? Assuming the per unit variable cost remains constant, the cost structure will be as follows. The total revenue is directly related to this calculation. Suppose the company wanted to find its marginal revenue gained from selling its 101 st unit. But when the marginal cost is the same as the average cost i. It is calculated by multiplying the amount of goods and services sold by the price of the goods and services.

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## Ch 14 Competitive Markets Flashcards The relationship between Marginal cost and Average cost is explained with the help of the following table: We may draw the following conclusions from the above table 1 Average cost will be low so long as Marginal cost is less than the average cost. . Video of the Day Generally, marginal costs start high and decline as production increases. Customers will eat donuts until they are full, at which point they will no longer be gaining utility from extra donuts. The total cost, in this reference, is the sum total of the total fixed cost plus total variable cost at a given level of output.

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## Difference Between Average Cost and Marginal Cost When average cost and marginal cost are of same value, then the average cost remains constant, without any change. As a result Marginal cost and average cost increase. Therefore, the marginal revenue is the slope of the total revenue curve. We provided phone service, and we had massive upfront capital investment in order to provide that network. If the marginal cost associated with a sandwich is too high to bring in profit, you wouldn't want to bother adding it. An example of marginal cost and total cost is in the drug development industry. In this context, total revenue profits are sometimes measured over a longer period of time than costs documented on a balance sheet.

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## Explain the relationship between average variable cost, average total cost, average fixed cost and marginal cost with diagram. When marginal cost is equal to average cost, it is the minimum point of the latter. It is important to note that as long as the marginal cost is less than average cost, each additional unit of output will add less to total cost in comparison to the average per unit cost incurred on the previous units. Marginal cost always equals to variable cost. But after a certain point, the marginal product begins to fall, as the fixed factor input becomes diluted amongst workers and so you get less from each additional unit of the variable factor. Marginal cost is compared with marginal revenue to calculate the impact of a decision.

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## Difference Between Average Cost and Marginal Cost Both average cost and marginal cost are two key concepts in that are widely considered in decision making by considering the revenues earned and resulting costs of a given scenario. The price that any given customer is willing to pay for an extra doughnut will decrease as they consumer more donuts. Marginal cost curve cuts the average cost curve at its lowest point. Therefore, marginal cost supports the business to identify the optimal level of production. However, generic brands of the drug which Canada has a lot of can be sold in mass volume for pure profit to the distributors. However , if you're charging less than the marginal cost, you're losing money and you may need to reconsider your business plan.

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