It was thought that it would be best the President General should be supported as well as appointed by the crown; that so all disputes between him and the Grand Council concerning his salary might be prevented; as such disputes have been frequently of mischievous consequence in particular colonies, especially in time of public danger. This was thought necessary for the satisfaction of the crown, to preserve the connection of the parts of the British empire with the whole, of the members with the head, and to induce greater care and circumspection in making of the laws, that they be good in themselves and for the general benefit. The Albany Plan of the Union gave too much power to the states. That the assent of the President General be requisite to all acts of the Grand Council; and that it be his office and duty to cause them to be carried into execution. This was respectfully sent to the assemblies of the several colonies for their consideration, and to receive such alterations and improvements as they should think fit and necessary; after which it was proposed to be transmitted to England to be perfected, and the establishment of it there humbly solicited. Assent of President General and his Duty. The Albany Plan of Union was adopted, which American Indians resented.
Therefore the commissioners came to another previous resolution, viz. They supported it because they wanted the colonies to be united. There was also the plan called The Galloway Plan which resembled much of the original Franklin's plan. Which of the following reasons supports why the colonies rejected the Albany Plan of the Union? Then the Indians have been cheated by such private purchases, and discontent and wars have been the consequence. That the President General, with the advice of the Grand Council, hold or direct all Indian treaties in which the general interest of the colonies may be concerned; and make peace or declare war with Indian nations.
They instead proposed that the colonial governors and their respective councils should facilitate in the efforts of raising armies and the building of forts. Representatives of the colonial governments adopted the Albany Plan during a larger meeting known as the Albany Congress. President General, and Grand Council. Particular colonies are at present backward to build forts at their own expence, which they say will be equally useful to their neighbouring colonies; who refuse to join, on a presumption that such forts will be built and kept up, though they contribute nothing. Particular colonies are at present backward to build forts at their own expence, which they say will be equally useful to their neighbouring colonies; who refuse to join, on a presumption that such forts will be built and kept up, though they contribute nothing. Stevenson and Polly formed a surrogate family.
The power of calling them on any emergency seemed necessary to be vested in the President General; but that such power might not be wantonly used to harass the members, and oblige them to make frequent long journies to little purpose, the consent of seven at least to such call was supposed a convenient guard. Britain needs to work with all of the American Indian tribes. Both plans of Benjamin Franklin and Joseph Galloway including the call for the a federal government led by the President-General, who appointed and supported by the King himself. With the French and Indian War looming, the need for cooperation was urgent, especially for colonies likely to come under attack or invasion. The quorum seems large, but it was thought it would not be satisfactory to the colonies in general, to have matters of importance to the whole transacted by a smaller number, or even by this number of twenty-five, unless there were among them one at least from a majority of the colonies; because otherwise the whole quorum being made up of members from three or four colonies at one end of the union, something might be done that would not be equal with respect to the rest, and thence dissatisfactions and discords might rise to the prejudice of the whole. The service here meant, is not the stated settled service in standing troops; but any sudden and short service, either for defence of our own colonies, or invading the enemies country; such as, the expedition to Cape Breton in the last war; in which many substantial farmers and tradesmen engaged as common soldiers under officers of their own country, for whom they had an esteem and affection; who would not have engaged in a standing army, or under officers from England.
For the Colonies, if so united, would have really been, as they then thought themselves, sufficient to their own Defence, and being trusted with it, as by the Plan, an Army from Britain, for that purpose would have been unnecessary: The Pretences for framing the Stamp-Act would then not have existed, nor the other Projects for drawing a Revenue from America to Britain by Acts of Parliament, which were the Cause of the Breach, and attended with such terrible Expence of Blood and Treasure: so that the different Parts of the Empire might still have remained in Peace and Union. It is understandable that he would have been distressed, particularly since on October 22 the delegates rejected a motion to reconsider the plan, and even that he later portrayed himself to governors William Franklin and Cadwallader Colden as the victim of a conspiracy. It was foreseen that the idea is noteworthy in most aspects. That they make all purchases from Indians for the crown, of lands not now within the bounds of particular colonies or that shall not be within their bounds when some of them are reduced to more convenient dimensions. They then proceeded to sketch out a plan of union, which they did in a plain and concise manner, just sufficient to shew their sentiments of the kind of union that would best suit the circumstances of the colonies, be most agreeable to the people, and most effectually promote his Majesty's service and the general interest of the British empire. Which of these statements best summarizes the situation in North America in the mid-1700s? The northern colonies were most concerned, as they shared a border with the French colony in Canada, but the mid-Atlantic colonies were also affected by differing loyalties of various Native American nations, usually related to their trading with France or Great Britain.
The question was put, and a great majority thought the inserting it in the Journal would be disgracing their records, and accordingly rejected it. A particular colony has scarce strength enough to extend itself by new settlements, at so great a distance from the old: but the joint force of the union might suddenly establish a new colony or two in those parts, or extend an old colony to particular passes, greatly to the security of our present frontiers, increase of trade and people, breaking off the French communication between Canada and Louisiana, and speedy settlement of the intermediate lands. And as the Colonies from their local Circumstances cannot be represented in the parliament of Great Britain, they will humbly propose to his Majesty and his two Houses of Parliament the following plan under which the Strength of the whole Empire may be drawn together on any Emergency, the Interest of both Countries advanced and the Rights and Liberties of America secured. Chief Benjamin Chew Photo by: It is worth noting that the plan was flatly rejected by both sides. So, they promised to counsel the King and the Parliament to change their mind, which they did.
For tho' after many Days thorough Discussion of all its Parts in Congress it was unanimously agreed to, and Copies ordered to be sent to the Assembly of each Province for Concurrence, and one to the Ministry in England for the Approbation of the Crown. Then the Indians have been cheated by such private purchases, and discontent and wars have been the consequence. That there shall be a new election of the members of the Grand Council every three years; and on the death or resignation of any member, his place shall be supplied by a new choice at the next sitting of the assembly of the colony he represented. Some colonial governments rejected the Albany Plan of Union because they believed that plan was useless and may lead to colonial freedom. The assent of the President General to all acts of the grand council was made necessary, in order to give the crown its due share of influence in this government, and connect it with that of Great Britain.
After a committee reviewed different plans offered by delegates, its members chose Franklin's plan with some small modifications. This was reported to Galloway in a February 25, 1775, letter from Benjamin Franklin, who had also received a copy of the plan from Galloway. It was therefore thought best to give the council the power of approving the officers, which the people will look upon as a great security of their being good men. Many colonial commissioners actually wished to increase imperial authority in the colonies. The choice of members for the grand council is placed in the house of representatives of each government, in order to give the people a share in this new general government, as the crown has its share by the appointment of the President General. The President General, besides one half of the legislative power, hath in his hands the whole executive power. It provided for a federal union of the mainland colonies under the British crown.
Could all the people of a colony be consulted and unite in public measures, a house of representatives would be needless: and could all the assemblies conveniently consult and unite in general measures, the grand council would be unnecessary. He attended dinner with the King of Denmark, at Craven Street; hosted a range of guests, from scientific colleagues to visitors from Philadelphia; and met regularly with a coterie of like-minded men, such as the Club of Honest Whigs who convened at St. The plan was a significant milestone, however, as it marked the first official attempt to develop inter-colonial cooperation among the American colonies. The Commissioners from a number of the northern colonies being met at Albany, and considering the difficulties that have always attended the most necessary general measures for the common defence, or for the annoyance of the enemy, when they were to be carried through the several particular assemblies of all the colonies; some assemblies being before at variance with their governors or councils, and the several branches of the government not on terms of doing business with each other; others taking the opportunity, when their concurrence is wanted, to push for favourite laws, powers, or points that they think could not at other times be obtained, and so creating disputes and quarrels; one assembly waiting to see what another will do, being afraid of doing more than its share, or desirous of doing less; or refusing to do any thing, because its country is not at present so much exposed as others, or because another will reap more immediate advantage; from one or other of which causes, the assemblies of six out of seven colonies applied to, had granted no assistance to Virginia, when lately invaded by the French, though purposely convened, and the importance of the occasion earnestly urged upon them: Considering moreover, that one principal encouragement to the French, in invading and insulting the British American dominions, was their knowledge of our disunited state, and of our weakness arising from such want of union; and that from hence different colonies were, at different times, extremely harassed, and put to great expence both of blood and treasure, who would have remained in peace, if the enemy had had cause to fear the drawing on themselves the resentment and power of the whole; the said Commissioners, considering also the present incroachments of the French, and the mischievous consequences that may be expected from them, if not opposed with our force, came to an unanimous resolution, That an union of the colonies is absolutely necessary for their preservation. The New England and northern tier colonies had long been subject to raiding from Canada during times of conflict.
As anticipated, there were many objections debated by the different sides, as difficulties presented on the table were all addressed and resolved. It was thought, that quotas of men to be raised and paid by the several colonies, and joined for any public service, could not always be got together with the necessary expedition. They resolved and agreed to put the plan forward, however, when the plan reached to the states' legislatures. The British set aside land west of the Appalachians for American Indians, and the colonists withdrew. Treaties of Peace and War. As much as the First Continental Congress rejected Galloway's proposal for the Union under British Crown. The union committee submitted a draft of the plan on June 28, and commissioners debated aspects of it until they adopted a final version on July 10.